On June 19, 2019, US Environmental Protection Agency functioning under President Trump has finally decided to rollback climate policy made by President Obama named the Clean Power Plan. It had target to reduce emissions from power plants run by coal. That would be replaced by Affordable Clean Energy Rule (ACE). Andrew Wheeler, EPA Administrator said the new rule provides the states with a regulatory certainty that besides working towards diminishing emissions, they would also have to find affordable and dependable energy for all citizens.
However, it was found in the first draft in August that the extra air pollution under the changed plan would cause 1400 premature deaths every year in US. But, Clean Power Plan would have saved 3600 premature deaths because of power plants run by coal. Wheeler mentioned that between 2005 and 2017, entire carbon dioxide emission in US declined by over 14%. He also said that this was mainly due to private sector as well as free markets and hardly due to any effort by the government.
In fact, lower level of air pollution has also been affecting people by causing diabetes. It was discovered back in 2016 that 3.2 million new cases of diabetes was reported worldwide due to air pollution. In US alone, there were 150,000 new cases of diabetes each year. Above 30 million Americans are affected by diabetes. Researchers have also found that pregnant women getting exposed to air pollution would lead to negative health issues later in life. In 2016, there were 600,000 children who died due to extreme lower respiratory infections because of air pollution.
In fact, Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation said that there were almost 5 million deaths across the world in 2017 due to heart attack, lung cancer, and chronic lung disease etc. all due to excessive air pollution.