A new study has shown that people having autism have a changed sense of self, which might explain some of the dissimilarities shown in social functioning. The research was conducted by scientists from ARU (Anglia Ruskin University) and involved a group of 51 people, half without and half with autism. The study was published in the journal Autism. It is the first instance that focuses on the self-modifying “full body illusion” that replicates an out of body feeling, which has been measured in individuals having autism. The research discovered that, unlike neurotypical participants, individuals having autism do not encounter the “full body illusion.”
This is an analysis that causes people to feel their self as being situated outside of their body and to recognize with their own practical “avatar” viewed by virtual reality goggles. The researchers also measured the dimensions of the participants’ PPS (peripersonal space). This is the region of space openly around our body that the brain treats in a specific way as it allows us to cooperate with the external world. They discovered that this region of space, that shows the boundaries of self, is small in people having autism. A smaller PPS might explain definite behaviors sometimes seen in people having autism, like approaching others more nearly than social norms set down, or having trouble considering communications connected with their private space as being headed towards them.
On a similar note, recently, a study showed that the brain activity confirms the development of visual understanding in autism. Research exploring how the brain reacts to visual outlines in people having autism has demonstrated that sensory reactions change amid childhood and adulthood. The dissimilarities observed amid adult and young people imitated those seen in a strain of fruit flies that had an inherited change linked with autism and other growth conditions.